History of the Old Dominion Equestrian Endurance Organization Home


The Old Dominion Ride began at the historic Morven Park estate in Leesburg, VA.

Alex Bigler (Rider #1) on the Old Dominion 100 Mile Endurance ride June 26th, 1975. Photo by W. Peery Photographery, Sterling, VA
1975 OD 100 - Leesburg, VA. Pete Fields on El Ammal Shoho (gray horse in stream), Dick Cabral is the rider on the gray above Pete. Dixie Engelhaupt wearing the hat is in background.
1977 - The Vet Check at Calmes Neck at the Shenandoah River at the base of the Blue Ridge in Clarke County. Here the riders turned east again, heading back into Loudoun County towards Leesburg.

1977 OD 100 - Pete Fields with Bonaparte in the Shenandoah River at Calmes Neck vet check. This was Bonaparte's first 100 mile ride.

1977 OD 100 - John Alexander on "Murphy Creek"

1978 - Darlene Jenkins and "Mancho M" - Cavalry Award winners

1979 - Runners become part of the 100 Mile ride

1982 - Riders starting out from the 4-H Center in Front Royal on the "new" Old Dominion trail.

OD competitors traversing the Duncan Hollow Trail (trailing rider is Pat Botts)

1984 - Larry Kanavy on "Charge Cindy"

circa 1985 - Danielle Kanavy and Maggie Price riding the OD

1988 - The start of the OD 100 mile - 4-H Center, Front Royal, VA

1990 OD 100 - John Crandell (III) and John Alexander in the Cavalry Division

1990 OD 100 - Doug Stein and his horse "Jedi" at the 25 mile vet check with 75 more miles to go riding in the Cavalry Division
1990 OD 100 - Doug Stein cooling down his horse in the Shenandoah while In the Cavalry Division. He and "Jedi" finished 18th overall.

June 2006 - Crossing the Shenandoah on the OD 50

2007 - Start of the OD 50 - the final OD June ride to be held in Fort Valley

2010 - Rider on the "new" OD trail at Orkney Springs, VA
Photo by Christina Handley

2014 - The OD Ridecamp at Orkney Springs, VA


A Complete History of the Old Dominion Ride

A Ride is Born - 1973 to 1980

In the early 1970's the sport of distance riding in the United States was still relatively young, yet slowly gaining momentum. The vanguard ride at that time was the 100 mile Western States Trail Ride held in Auburn, California.

As luck would have it Alex Bigler, a transplanted Californian as well as a member of the Board of Directors of the Western States Trail Ride, had recently moved to Northern Virginia, bringing with him a sincere desire to organize a ride similar to the WSTR in Virginia. Upon his return to Virginia, Bigler subsequently gathered together a small group of local distance enthusiasts to discuss the creation of a Virginia endurance ride. That unique and motivated group of Alex and Ida Bigler, Pete and Beverly Fields, veterinarian Dr. Jack Howard, Dixie Engelhaupt of Maryland, and Pat Horrocks, a local equestrian trainer, laid the groundwork. The organizational intent was to establish and incorporate a conventional 100 mile endurance ride based on the WSTR model. Fields was charged with devising an award that would set the Old Dominion 100 mile Ride apart; give endurance riding a tough but doable challenge. The Cavalry Award was the product of that tasking. Additional goals set by the organization were to sponsor research and education to further the state of knowledge of the athletic horse.

The most important step was to design a trail. The historic Morven Park in Leesburg was chosen as the focal point from which a trail would radiate in a large 100 mile loop through the beautiful foxhunting countryside of western Loudoun County before returning to Morven Park. This trail would encompass a pristine area of large estates, open farmlands, and deep woods bounded on its western border by the Blue Ridge Mountains with the Shenandoah River only a few miles further west, and criss-crossed with well over 300 miles of interlocking gravel roads.

It was the perfect setting for a 100 mile ride.

The group incorporated a 501(c)(3)[not-for-profit] organization under the name "Old Dominion 100 Mile Endurance Ride" and a seven member board of directors was elected consisting of Alex Bigler (president), Dr. Howard (v-p), Ida Bigler (Secretary), Pete and Beverly Fields, Pat Horrocks and Dixie Engelhaupt.

The task of creating a workable continuous circular trail was made easier by Horrocks's and Howard's connections with local landowners. Both worked tirelessly to acquire permission for the trail to cross private land to better connect the trail to the wonderful gravel road network that spanned the entire western expanse of Loudoun County. The trail also included a historic 1741 byway over the Blue Ridge that connected to the gravel roads in Clark County leading down to the Shenandoah River on the other side of the mountains.

While the new Old Dominion ride was born of an idea based on the WSTR, it was Bigler's dream to have it follow the structure of a cavalry ride. At Bigler's request Fields devised a Cavalry Award for the horse and rider team that rode the ride with the least outside assistance. In later years the criteria changed to the horse/rider team that was judged as the best conditioned among the competitors that rode "independently".

The OD Logo

1974 - 1980

The Old Dominion logo is perhaps the most fluid image of the organization since it was first introduced in around 1974. The first logo was designed by noted Fauquier County artist/illustrator Patty K. Ruffner. Patty had designed a number of logos for various clubs and associations, and for the newly organized OD she created the outline sketch of a casual Western trail rider in cowboy gear and tack riding a Quarterhorse cowpony superimposed over an outline of the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was said that the horse was designed to be in a trot rather than a gallop to prevent any outside criticism that the ride was all about racing horses at speed.

The design lasted until 1980 when the organization and board was taken over by a membership coup. The new board moved the ride out of Loudoun County an hour southwest to Shenandoah County.


When the ride moved to Fort Valley the new locale meant a new logo - this time a leggy Anglo-Arabian type with a thin bareheaded rider. Still at a trot, but with the suggestion of greater speed. This was also the year the 50 mile ride was added to the OD June ride. This logo apparently only lasted one year.

1982 - 1991

A newly redesigned logo showing a silhouette of a galloping horse and rider with a runner out in front was now used to show the ride/run divisions of the Old Dominion. The lettering also was redesigned to arc above the outline of the state, and also to form the "ground" under the equestrian and runner silhouettes. The running division remained a part of the Old Dominion until it split in January 1991 to exist under its own organization.

1991 - 1995

In January 1991 the running division left the OD to form its own organization. With the change of the ride/run to only a ride, the runner on the logo was merely whited-out leaving the silhouette of the galloping horse still offset to the left.

1995 - 2001

In the late 1990s the silhouette of the galloping horse was changed to an outline, still offset to the left and still only in black and white.

2002 - 2005

After the turn of the century the outline of the galloping horse offset to the left was changed back to a silhouette again, this time as a color cartoon. Cartoon pine trees and grass were added, as was a color arc over the state redrawn to look like a blue mountain.

2006 - 2017

In 2006 the cartoon logo was modernized and updated, replacing the cartoon silhouette with a photo of a modern rider and horse matching the same canter gait as the prior logo. The rider was centered over a mapped outline of the Virginia state. The arced line was discarded, and the typeset was enlarged to create an arc with the words "Old Dominion". The words "100 Mile Ride" was removed and replaced with the new corporate name "Old Dominion Endurance Rides, Inc." which better reflected the philosophy of the organization to offer as many divisions as the national governing body, the AERC, would allow and sanction. This included 25, 50, and 75 mile rides, as well as multi-days.

2018 - current

In 2018 a new logo was designed by Loudoun County artist Flora Hillman to go with the new OD corporate name of the "Old Dominion Equestrian Endurance Organization, Inc." An arched tree with an overhead branch tied with a dangling ribbon, symbolically denoting an endurance trail marker, is on the left. The ribbon winds down the tree and turns into a trail, eventually evolving into the flowing Shenandoah River as it disappears in a curving distant point in the center of the Virginia image in the background. Two silhouetted riders are in the foreground center, each in a contrasting color and shown at different gaits depicting the social yet solitary nature of the sport as well as the sport's concept to "ride your own ride". A motto "Discover Your Distance" and a slogan "Building Partnerships Along The Trail" were incorporated into the logo. The logo also pays homage to the first OD illustrator, Patty Ruffner (d. 2005), by using several elements of a 1978 illustration she had drawn on the OD 100 Mile Trail Ride map when the ride was held in Loudoun County, VA. Both Flora and Patty had become friends when they had first met in 1987, both being members of a carriage driving club, and Patty had shared many of her OD drawings with Flora in later years after Flora began riding endurance in 2000. Thus the new OD logo was designed to honor the memory of the first OD logo's illustrator.

History of the OD Buckle

1976 Bicentennial buckle
(Sterling silver).

Made only for this year, the second 100 mile ride, this buckle shows the horse and rider passing in front of Morven Park in Leesburg, VA where the ride both began and ended after competing a circuit of the entire western portion of Loudoun County and some of eastern Clarke County on the west side of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The official Seal of Loudoun County and the Seal of the United States is shown on each side of the buckle. Only 41 buckles were awarded for this ride. This buckle is owned by Matthew Mackey Smith who rode "Murphy Creek" to first place tying with his wife Winkie MacKay Smith on "Charge Cindy".

1978 OD Trophy & BC Thoroughbred buckle
(Sterling silver).

The early rides celebrated not only the distance achievement, but also offered Best Condition and First To Finish awards for many of the various breeds that completed the ride. It is not surprising, given the ride's local in Loudoun County, also known as the "Foxhunting Capital of the US", that Off-the-track, and foxhuntering, Thoroughbreds would be one of the varied breeds represented in the 100 Mile ride, and were consistently in the top ten. Other breeds that had their own Best Conditioned awards were Quarter Horses, Arabs, Half-Arabs, Morgans, and Welsh.

When buckles were won in conjunction with any of the division awards - Best Condition, the OD Trophy, a Top Ten placing, and Cavalry division - those were all awarded small identifying buckle pins that could be soldered to the buckle afterwards by a metalsmith. The above example shows two distinctive buttons awarded: The OD Trophy, and the Best Condition - Thoroughbred. (Owned by Matthew MacKay Smith)

In 1982 the first OD 50 Mile division was held, and as a result a new belt buckle was designed for that distance. This early casting shows the crisp outlines of the horse, rider, and background. As years moved on and the casting was used again and again, those outlines would soften and fade until features were no longer distinguishable. This design, however, never changed up to the present, although the composition of the metal gradually went from silver to pewter to brass by the year 2000. Spiraling costs for the precious metals forced the move to less expensive metals in both the 100 Mile buckles as well, although silver was still offered as an option if the rider paid for it themselves.

1990s Sterling silver Cavalry Award buckle

This buckle shows the distinct "Cavalry Flag" at the top left hand side that was only awarded to those who completed the Cavalry Division - arguably the most difficult 100 miles that could be attempted by a rider and their horse. The rules were very strict - no outside help at ALL, food had to be carried by the rider, only natural resources could be used (streams, grass, etc), no supplies other than what is carried. Even at the vet checks there was a separate area for the Cavalry division that had simply buckets of water. It was considered quite an accomplishment to even attempt this division, let alone finish with a completion. This buckle, by virtue of it being Sterling silver with the flag cast as part of the buckle, shows it was a special order over the pewter buckles that were being offered by this time. (Owned by Doug Stein, MD)

1990 Fort Valley 50 Mile buckle

(courtesy of Doug Stein - 1st in the Fort Valley 4 Day 200)

1995 Serling silver "First To Finish" buckle.

This was an unusual buckle in that it was cast as one of a kind for every OD 100, and did not have a separate button that needed to be added for the award.

The newly fledged organization announced their first ride would be held the following year (1974) on the 2nd weekend of June. Competitors came from as far away as the Midwest, although most of the riders were more or less local to Virginia and the surrounding states. Ride day dawned with the riders going off in a drenching rainstorm. Downpours continued well into the late evening, but that did not dampen the enthusiam of the competitors. First and second place finishers were the wife/husband team of Winkie and Matthew MacKay-Smith of Clark County, VA, the latter eventually sitting on the OD Board for many years. Despite the discouraging weather conditions, the ride was deemed an instant success. For the next seven years the ride gained popularity, and the competitor lists swelled.

In 1976 the ride management announced that all riders completing would be awarded a special OD "Bicentennial Buckle". Plenty of breed awards were offered, including a Best Condition Award for Loudoun County horses. 56 horses began the race and despite the rise in degrees from 60 to a sweltering 86 with a dripping humidity of 64%, 41 out of 56 horses completed the ride - the largest ride ever.

In 1979 foot runners became part of the 100 mile race, configuring the OD to share yet another similarity with the WSTR which was also a run/ride race.

When the ride was organized, it was decided that the Best conditioned Award would be the premier award and no first to finish award was given in keeping with the slogan “To Finish Is To Win”. However, by 1980 differences of option based upon the ride concept were causing a rift among the membership. The fundamental cause of the rift revolved around the question of awarding first to finish and continuing the morning after the ride vet check for all finishers. By the end of the year the differences had reached the point of causing a complete break in the organization. The dissident members, finding a loophole in the bylaws which allowed instant voting rights for new members, staged a coup at the January 1981 meeting by busing in and signing up enough family and friends to transfer a majority rule to their side.

The result was understandably deeply and regretfully bitter.

Those members who still wished to follow the old format eventually left the Old Dominion organization altogether to organize (in 1987) a new charter "United States Trail Ride", which continuing to host the 100 mile Cavalry ride on the original OD trail (in Loudoun County) under the new name the "USTR 100 Mile Ride". The trail was discontinued in the 1990's due to land development brought on by the pressures of a rapidly rising county population that skyrocketed Loudoun County to the top of the list for several years as the fastest growing county in the US.

The OD Ride Heads West - 1981 to 2007

The new OD leadership, having taken over the ride and organization, but finding themselves effectively locked out of using the original trail through Loudoun County, were faced with having to develop a new trail in less than 6 months if they were to have a ride that year. Wayne Botts, the current OD president at that time, turned to Jim Warner for assistance in the endeavor, both men being competitors of the original OD ride, as well as residents of a historic place in Shenandoah County called Fort Valley - a narrow 20 mile long valley ringed by mountain lands inside the Thomas Jefferson and George Washington National Forests where an established system of horse trails already traversed the mountainsides and the valley floor. With the vast majority of trails being on the National Forest lands under the control of a central Park Ranger office, the new OD leadership would have only one main landowner (the US government) to request useage for the vast majority of the trail, and only a handful of private landowners to gain permission to cross the few pieces of private land leading to the national forest. Botts and Warner, together with OD board members Mitch Karp and Lee Wittle, went to work immediately planning and laying out the new OD trail in the Shenandoah Valley and Fort Valley.

A home base big enough to accommodate at least 100 horse trailers was found at the 4-H Center near Front Royal, VA on the grounds originally used as a US Cavalry Remount Station. The new home base offered many similarities to the old locale -- ample space for parking, and nearby trail up and over the Blue Ridge, and connecting trails leading to the Massanutten Mountains and the George Washington National Forest lands. The new trail, however, used more mountain trails and relatively fewer miles of gravel roads than the original OD Loudoun County trails. Also, only the 100 mile trail returned to base camp; the 55 mile trail finished at a campgrounds called "Twin Lakes". One unique feature of the new trail was that it crossed the Shenandoah River, rather than like the old trail which paused at the river bank for a vet check before returning back over the Blue Ridge. One notable drawback - the notoriously rocky and steep trails of the Massanuttens - eventually was to give the "new" Old Dominion trail the unique reputation as being a tough challenge not for the faint of heart.

The first OD in Fort Valley was still held under cavalry rules, including an 11 hour limit for the 50 mile division. It wasn't until a year or so later that the ride received AERC sanctioning. The "Cavalry Division" of course was still offered and the judging for the winner continued to be held the following day as it had been since the conception of the award in 1974. However, the award and division was only offered for the 100 mile, and as the number of 100 mile riders began to decline in the 1990's, so did the riders willing to suffer the hardships of riding "independently". Yet, the award and division still holds a special charm, and each year a number of new faces come forth to try their hand at being able to ride ...and finish...as a cavalry team.

The runners division was still included, and for the next several years the runners were the first to leave in the darkness to hit the trail before the horses, sharing the trail throughout the next 24 hours. Years later they splintered off to form their own exclusive 100 mile ultra-marathon which is still held annually in the Massanutten Mountains.

As Endurance Riding developed throughout the world and continued to draw in more riders from all walks of life, the Old Dominion ride also began to draw both national and international riders who wished to pit themselves against the challenge of the trail. In 1992 sixty three riders completed the OD 100, the largest group ever in the history of the ride. By then the OD had achieved international fame as one of the top Endurance rides in the United States.

The logistics of the trail, and the crossing of the Shenandoah River, took a great deal of work, demanding the solid and unwavering support of the many who volunteered their time to clear trails, create new ones, work on public relations with private landowners, and partner with the National Forest Service as well as other groups who used and maintained the Forest Service trail system. Their dedication proved invaluable towards maintaining the high status and popularity of the ride. Only once in the years when the ride was held in Fort Valley was the OD ever canceled -- and that due totally to the unexpected flooding of the Shenandoah River.

The first ride at the new venue was billed "The Old Dominion Ride/Run "Move to the Mountains". It was held June 20, 1981, and in an ironic flashback to the original first OD ride, there was a tremendous thunderstorm early that morning. In the wee hours of the morning runner and riders moved 38 riders started in the 100; 18 finished with Connie Thompson on "Buckshot" finishing first in 16 hours and 46 minutes. 11 rode Cavalry; 4 completed. 42 riders began the 50 mile ride with 29 completing. Of those pulled were 4 riders who were overtime. Only 12 of the 38 runners in the 100 mile run completed.

The new trail was already gaining a reputation as a tough challenge indeed!

However, Botts, who served as Ride Manager,was elated and declared the ride a "smashing success". This, in turn, led to a series of meetings with the GWNF for permanently maintaining the trails.

What was interesting was the proposal presented at the October board meeting to not allow voting by new members until a full three months had passed - a move that would narrow the loophole that had resulted in the January takeover. Membership dues in 1981 were $5.

In 1982 two new rides joined the OD roster. The first was a 35 mile training ride up Sherman Gap in early October. In much of the old correspondence the Sherman Gap ride was also referred to as a "competitive ride". The other was a 50 mile/2-day 100 endurance ride, called the "Fort Valley", held at the end of October. These two new rides offered a wonderful opportunity for new riders to try their hand at some of the OD trail, and also to enjoy the serenity of the trail in the cool beauty of the mountain fall colors.

The popularity of the fall Fort Valley ride soon encouraged the OD Board to consider making it a multiday (3 days of rides) in 1993. In 2002 it was changed back to a 2-day 100/ 50-50 (two days of separate 50 mile rides) which are still held annually today.

In 1996 a third ride joined the roster - the No Frills 50. Started as an early spring fund raiser for the June ride, the No Frills offered riders a chance to travel portions of the trail that would be used for the June 100 mile ride. The No Frills remained in Fort Valley until the mid 2000's when it was moved to Capon Springs and new trails in a section of the George Washington National Forest lands bordering on West Virginia.

As a benefit to the organization, the two new rides gave more opportunity for riders to compete, better publicity to encourage riders to join the organization, and also helped bring in new volunteers as well as train new ride management.

Throughout the 1990's the OD rides continued to draw in growing numbers of riders. In 1994 the Fort Valley ride hosted the AERC National 50 & 100 Mile Championships with its basecamp at Skyline Ranch Resort, just outside Fort Valley.

However, all was not rosy for the OD trail. By 2005 the westward advance of private development was starting to put negative pressure on the portions of trail traversing private lands. A massive new development along a critical part of the trail leading from the 4-H Center to the Shenandoah River would soon be forcing complete closure of that trail within a year or so. That, coupled with the 4-H Center Management's changes regarding usage of the center's grounds, which the OD rented each summer for the June ride basecamp, was also cause for concern. Rumblings as far back as 1994 suggested the possibility of moving the base camp to another site - specifically somewhere less congested and less apt to be overrun by houses and housing developments.

The loss of the 4-H Center in 2006 was the catalyst needed to finally force the move. A decision by the board was subsequently made to host the entire OD ride within Fort Valley. A new basecamp was found in the southern end of Fort Valley at Fort Valley Stables. That same year the AERC National Championships were hosted by the OD at their new ridecamp. It was perhaps the crowning jewel of the OD organization's endeavors since the day they moved out of Loudoun County and relocated in the Valley. Sadly, however, the move was a little too late. The swan song was already being sung for the OD 100 mile ride in Front Royal. The heavy use of the trails by the annual competition rides, as well as pressure from other groups of users, had seriously eroded the once excellent public relations the OD organization originally enjoyed with the old landowners. New landowners were less invested in the organization, and paving of once key gravel roads made it increasingly difficult, if not impossible, to keep the old trail intact. The 2007 OD was held from the Fort Valley Stables with three divisions - 100, 50, and Limited Distance (30) - but the handwriting was on the wall. It would be the final OD ride in Fort Valley after a long, wonderful 26 years as the OD home.

It was time to leave for a new trail outside the Valley.

Westward Again to a New Home - 2008 to 2017

In 2005 the task to find a new OD home was charged to members Tom Sikes and Bob Walsh. Reflecting on the benefits and issues brought up by past history, the OD Board had already decided the new locale would be best served by offering a long term rental of a spacious basecamp adjacent to, or within easy reach of, the same National Forest. Several locales were explored and evaluated, and while some choices came close, most had some critical flaw that kept them out of the running.

Only one site stood out from the rest - Orkney Springs, VA. The surrounding trail system was explored, and met with happy approval. The Bryce Resort owned a large vacant field near a beautiful stream, sited on a gently used gravel road, all within hailing distance of the western areas of the George Washington National Forest. The area and the land seemed to be the answer to all the goals the Board had set for a new home.

In 2008 the Old Dominion 100/50/25 mile ride was held on the "new" OD trails surrounding Orkney Spring, VA, carrying on a great tradition begun 35 years ago -- it was held in a pouring rainstorm. It would appear that as much as some things may change, some things simply are fated to remain the same. Tractors had to drag most of the rigs out of the soaked field which had become a mud bog.

Nonetheless, the ride was declared a success. A total of 143 riders started: 38 in the 25, 78 in the 55 and 27 in the 100. Amazingly, more than 70% finished the 25 and 55 mile rides; 63% finished the 100. Bryce Resort agreed to lease to the OD the 20 acre field, and throughout the next several years the trail was re-evaluated and tweaked, as were the vet checks - some being moved to better venues. Efforts to restore the old barn on the basecamp property were undertaken with a new roof being installed in early 2009. The plans were to turn the barn into a meeting room and clubhouse in time to have it ready for the 2009 ride. Some of the OD equipment was moved into storage at the barn, with plans to bring the OD trailer to the site as soon as possible. Unfortunately, those plans were never realized. No sooner had the new roof been installed when disaster struck. A week later the barn was one of three in the immediate area struck by an arsonist the same night. The fire department arrived to find the barn burned to ashes, a total loss. The building had been uninsured and the tanks stored inside had perished, but the supply trailer had been spared as it was stored elsewhere. So only the tanks had to be replaced in time for the June ride, a matter that was rectified in no time at all.

As the decade moved along the trail was increasingly improved upon, and the ride surged in popularity. In June 2014, the OD 100 mile ride celebrated its 40th Anniversary with over 150 riders in all three division, and the following year the organization hosted the 2015 AERC Championships.

End of an Old Era and the Start of a New Era -
2018 to Present

In January 2018 the management and running of the OD rides and events was taken over by a new organization - the Old Dominion Equestrian Endurance Organization, Inc.

The new organization focused on promoting the organization via a online digital presence to keep up with the growing demographics of the technologically advanced modern rider, add more educational clinics and seminars for all branches of endurance, and help promote endurance sport overall through online social media.

Fueled by the enthusiasm of an ever expanding group of dedicated endurance enthusiasts, the core values of the old organization continue remain a priority - to host and run the same historic quality endurance rides as those set out by the original OD founders in 1973.


Old Dominion Equestrian Endurance Organization rides and events are privately held and are open only to registered participants and their guests, ride/event management, volunteers, and staff.